Constitutional democracy is defined by the ability of the majority to wield power within the framework of the constitution, which is designed to ensure that the majority's interests are protected. In this sort of democracy, the constitution specifies how the people are to be ruled and governed. Constitutional democracy is the form that works based on and in accordance with the state constitutions.
Types of Constitutional Democracy
- Pluralism: The majority of individuals are permitted to express their views, opinions, and concepts. It allows for widespread citizen participation.
- Republican Constitutional Democracy: It permits proceedings on topics that involve just the state. It includes all members of a state's population, but solely on matters that affect the state alone.
- Constitutional Direct: This confirms all of its processes and procedures to the state's constitution and permits direct participation in political activities.
Characteristics of Constitutional Democracy
- Popular Sovereignty: The government gets its legitimacy and the right to rule from the consent of the people at large, who are the ultimate source of the government's authority.
- Majority Rule and Minority Rights: Despite the fact that "the majority rules," the fundamental rights of the people who make up the minority are always respected.
- Limited Government: The powers of government are constrained by law and a written or unwritten constitution, which those in authority are bound to uphold.
- Institutional Limitations on Powers: Certain institutional and procedural safeguards limit the authority of government.